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Emerging Europe

CBRT rate cut sowing the seeds of next currency crisis

Turkey’s central bank stepped up its fight against economic orthodoxy by cutting its one-week repo rate by 100bp, to 13.00%, despite the backdrop of inflation at 80% and an extremely poor external position. This latest move could prove to be the trigger for yet another currency crisis.

18 August 2022

EM inflation nearing its peak

Aggregate EM inflation came in at its highest rate since 2008 last month, but there are signs that it is starting to stabilise and it should fall back in the coming months. For central banks in Emerging Europe and Latin America that have already hiked interest rates aggressively and are becoming increasingly concerned about growth, this may provide some space to wind down their tightening cycles. Asia Drop-In (25th Aug.): What’s the economic impact of a weak yen? What does the latest China-Taiwan flare-up mean for decoupling? How ugly are conditions in China’s real estate sector? Join economists from across our Asia services for this regular briefing on the region’s big investment stories. Register now.  

17 August 2022

Central and Eastern Europe GDP (Q2 2022)

A mixed performance, with Poland getting the wrong headlines GDP in Hungary and Romania continued to expand strongly in Q2 by 1-2% q/q, but the Czech and Slovakian economies barely grew at all and there was a shocking 2.3% q/q contraction in Poland. Looking ahead, the economic outlook has deteriorated sharply. External demand is weakening and inflation continues to surge.…

17 August 2022
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Israel GDP (Q2 2022)

The stronger-than-expected 6.8% q/q annualised expansion in Israel GDP in Q2 confirms that the Q1 contraction was just a blip. Economic activity remains strong and alongside the red-hot inflation figures for July, the risks are skewed to a 75bp rate hike at next week’s central bank meeting. We think a 50bp hike (to 1.75%) is just about more likely but we maintain our view that rates will reach 3.0% next year. Europe Drop-In (18th Aug.): Winter is coming to the European economy – but how harsh will it get? Join this special briefing on the economic impact of Russia’s gas supply threat. Register now.

Russia GDP (Q2 2022)

Russian GDP contracted by 4% y/y in Q2, consistent with a fall of 6% in seasonally-adjusted q/q terms – a much better performance than analysts had expected and than had seemed likely a few months ago. There have been signs of stabilisation in many sectors over the past month or two but we don’t expect the downturn to bottom out until Q2 2023 and think the economy will stagnate at best thereafter.

Hungary’s fiscal tightening, currencies rebound

Hungary's government has reined in the budget deficit much more quickly than had looked likely since April's election, helping to alleviate the large twin deficits. But this presents a major headwind to the economy and supports our view that GDP growth will grind to a halt in the coming quarters. Elsewhere, CEE currencies have received some much-needed respite this month as global risk sentiment has improved. We think this will be short lived but it will at least take some pressure off central banks that are dealing with red hot inflation.

Turkey Industrial Production & Retail Sales (Jun.)

Turkey’s activity figures for June painted a mixed picture, with industrial production continuing to post solid growth but retail sales suffering a fresh knock. The bigger picture, however, is that the economy appears to have posted another quarter of strong growth in Q2, of 1.5-2.0% q/q.

Russia Consumer Prices (Jul.)

Russia’s month-on-month deflation deepened in July as consumer prices fell by a larger-than-expected 0.4% m/m (in y/y terms, the headline rate eased to 15.1%). The disinflationary impact of the strong ruble is likely to fade but with consumer demand so weak we think the headline inflation rate will fall towards 12% y/y by year-end. We think this will prompt a further 100bp of rate cuts, to 7.00%, later this year. Emerging Europe Drop-In (11th Aug): We’re expecting downturns in Central and Eastern Europe, but how bad could it get? Join this 20-minute briefing on our Q3 Outlook report, including the latest on Turkey, Russia and whether Hungary’s forint has further to fall. Register now.

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